Colours From Mother Nature

CRESPINO, BARBERRY - Berberis vulgaris

It is a shrub belonging to the family of the berberis. “Berberis” comes from the Phoenician “barbar” which means shiny, with reference to the brightness of its leaves. The colour which is obtained is the yellow.

THE DYEING NATURAL AGENTS

ANNATTO, ACHIOTE - Bixa orellana

It is a spontaneous plant and the colouring agent it contains is called bixina. The colour extracted from this plant is a yellow, yellow-red.It is used for colouring food (E160b).

CARTAMO, SAFFLOWERS - Carthamus tinctorius

It is a plant belonging to the family of Asteraceae. It grows spontaneously in the Middle East and along the French Riviera as well. The extracted colouring agent is the carthamin, and the colour is an intense saffron yellow.

CIPOLLA, ONION - Allium cepa

Onion is the bulb of an herbaceous plant of a two- or three-year cyclelife, belonging to the family of liliaceae, from the Western Asia. Allium is the name used by Virgilio, it comes from the celtic word “all” which means burning, hot. On the other hand, Cepa comes from latin word, which means onion. The colour is obtained from the outer skins and can vary from yellow to red.

COCCINIGLIA, COCHINEAL - Dactylopius coccus

It is a parasite insect which generally affects succulent plants. After drying the shells of the females a powder can be obtained, from which colour is extracted. Cochineal is employed for the production of most food colours (E120)

EUCALIPTO - Eucalyptus

Australian flowering tree from the myrtle family (known for the enourmous proportion of its trees). From its bark it can be extracted a red juice (australian kino), used for dying tissues and tanning leathers.

GUADO, WOAD - Isatis tinctoria

Woad is a plant in the family of Brassicaceae (the same of cabbage and rocket salad). It has a two years lifecycle and in the past it was cultivated in the whole Europe. From the leaves of its first year of life it can be extracted a blue dye.

MALLO DI NOCE, WALNUT HUSK - Junglas regia

It is the fruit walnut or white walnut. After the fruit harvesting (walnut) the husk can be reaped, which is the outer shell. The colouring agent obtained is the juglone, from which derives one of the most sunlight and washing resistant brown colours.

ORTICA, COMMON NETTLE - Urtica dioica

Herbaceous wild plant whose name come from the latin word urere=to burn, referring to its stinging properties. Nettle is a dyeing plant, from which two different dyes can be obtained: the green from the upper parts of the plant and the yellow from its roots.

RATANIA, RHATANY - Kramaeria triandra

Plant of the Krameriaceae family, it grows in Perù, Chile and Bolivia. From the dried roots we can obtain a colouring extract rich in tannins. The tones that are obtained in dyeing goes from red orange to brick-red. In medicine it is known for its astringent properties and for strengthening gums.
Men and colours THE CIVILIZATION OF THE COLOURS The rich and surprisingly history of colours tells about the evolutionary journey of men through arts, politics, religion, psychology and sociology. Colours were the first mean of communication for humanity and since the primitive age they have always influenced the way of thinking and habits of societies. Everything naturally coloured was used, such as the juice of fruits, the blood of animals, metal oxides, in particular iron oxide, which were easily available. The fascinating world of natural colours and their ancient tradition find their expression in the dyeing plants, in the colours of the arts, and for dyeing wood and leathers
The natural colours platform Smart materials company has great technical and technological resources at its disposal, and an exclusive supply chain that includes Historia Tinctoria, a separate but integral platform that’s fully dedicated to the unique dyeing processes and techniques. The Historia Tinctoria vegetable colours are extracted from dyeing plants which in the ancient time the only colours avaible.

GALLA DI QUERCIA, OAK GALL

The oak gall is an outgrowth on the plant's surface, caused by Hymenoptera insects, mistaken sometimes for a strange “fruit” of the tree. Since ancient times galls have been used for dying, for manufacturing permanent inks and for tanning, and in medicine too, for their astringent properties.

RESEDA, WELDE OR DYERS ROCKET - Reseda luteola

Two years lifecycle plant, containing a colouring substance called luteolin. The name “reseda” come from the Latin “resedo” which means “calm, quiet” and refers to its soothing properties. The colour extracted is a very brilliant and solid yellow

ROBBIA, DYERS MADDER - Rubia tinctorium

Perennial creeping herbs, it is used for herbal preparations and as dyeing plant. Infact since the ancient time, from its roots it is extracted a dye: the alizarin. From this you get a red violet laque

SCOTANO, SMOKE TREE OR SMOKE BUSH - Rhus cotinus

It is a shrub of the family Anacardiaceae. It was cultivated from 1200 until 1920 mainly for its tanning power given form tannins and also in dyeing. The colour range obtained varies from yellow, brown- purple to red.

TAGETE, TAGETES - Tagetes erecta

The genus is native to North and South America, from its flowers it is extracted the colour yellow. The dyeing substance belongs to the family of carotinoids.
Smartmaterials s.r.l. SEDE LEGALE E OPERATIVA via dell’Economia, 24/2 35044 Montagnana (PD) Italia ph +39 0429 807434 fax +39 0429 800819 P.IVA 02471380200

Historia Tinctoria

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COLOURS FROM MOTHER NATURE
Men and colours THE CIVILIZATION OF THE COLOURS The rich and surprisingly history of colours tells about the evolutionary journey of men through arts, politics, religion, psychology and sociology. Colours were the first mean of communication for humanity and since the primitive age they have always influenced the way of thinking and habits of societies. Everything naturally coloured was used, such as the juice of fruits, the blood of animals, metal oxides, in particular iron oxide, which were easily available. The fascinating world of natural colours and their ancient tradition find their expression in the dyeing plants, in the colours of the arts, and for dyeing wood and leathers
The natural colours platform Smart materials company has great technical and technological resources at its disposal, and an exclusive supply chain that includes Historia Tinctoria, a separate but integral platform that’s fully dedicated to the unique dyeing processes and techniques. The Historia Tinctoria vegetable colours are extracted from dyeing plants which in the ancient time the only colours avaible.

THE DYEING NATURAL AGENTS

ANNATTO, ACHIOTE - Bixa orellana

It is a spontaneous plant and the colouring agent it contains is called bixina. The colour extracted from this plant is a yellow, yellow-red.It is used for colouring food (E160b).

CARTAMO, SAFFLOWERS - Carthamus tinctorius

It is a plant belonging to the family of Asteraceae. It grows spontaneously in the Middle East and along the French Riviera as well. The extracted colouring agent is the carthamin, and the colour is an intense saffron yellow.

CIPOLLA, ONION - Allium cepa

Onion is the bulb of an herbaceous plant of a two- or three-year cyclelife, belonging to the family of liliaceae, from the Western Asia. Allium is the name used by Virgilio, it comes from the celtic word “all” which means burning, hot. On the other hand, Cepa comes from latin word, which means onion. The colour is obtained from the outer skins and can vary from yellow to red.

CRESPINO, BARBERRY - Berberis vulgaris

It is a shrub belonging to the family of the berberis. “Berberis” comes from the Phoenician “barbar” which means shiny, with reference to the brightness of its leaves. The colour which is obtained is the yellow.

COCCINIGLIA, COCHINEAL - Dactylopius coccus

It is a parasite insect which generally affects succulent plants. After drying the shells of the females a powder can be obtained, from which colour is extracted. Cochineal is employed for the production of most food colours (E120)

EUCALIPTO - Eucalyptus

Australian flowering tree from the myrtle family (known for the enourmous proportion of its trees). From its bark it can be extracted a red juice (australian kino), used for dying tissues and tanning leathers.

GUADO, WOAD - Isatis tinctoria

Woad is a plant in the family of Brassicaceae (the same of cabbage and rocket salad). It has a two years lifecycle and in the past it was cultivated in the whole Europe. From the leaves of its first year of life it can be extracted a blue dye.

MALLO DI NOCE, WALNUT HUSK - Junglas regia

It is the fruit walnut or white walnut. After the fruit harvesting (walnut) the husk can be reaped, which is the outer shell. The colouring agent obtained is the juglone, from which derives one of the most sunlight and washing resistant brown colours.

ORTICA, COMMON NETTLE - Urtica dioica

Herbaceous wild plant whose name come from the latin word urere=to burn, referring to its stinging properties. Nettle is a dyeing plant, from which two different dyes can be obtained: the green from the upper parts of the plant and the yellow from its roots.

RATANIA, RHATANY - Kramaeria triandra

Plant of the Krameriaceae family, it grows in Perù, Chile and Bolivia. From the dried roots we can obtain a colouring extract rich in tannins. The tones that are obtained in dyeing goes from red orange to brick-red. In medicine it is known for its astringent properties and for strengthening gums.

RESEDA, WELDE OR DYERS ROCKET - Reseda

luteola

Two years lifecycle plant, containing a colouring substance called luteolin. The name “reseda” come from the Latin “resedo” which means “calm, quiet” and refers to its soothing properties. The colour extracted is a very brilliant and solid yellow

ROBBIA, DYERS MADDER - Rubia tinctorium

Perennial creeping herbs, it is used for herbal preparations and as dyeing plant. Infact since the ancient time, from its roots it is extracted a dye: the alizarin. From this you get a red violet laque

SCOTANO, SMOKE TREE OR SMOKE BUSH - Rhus

cotinus

It is a shrub of the family Anacardiaceae. It was cultivated from 1200 until 1920 mainly for its tanning power given form tannins and also in dyeing. The colour range obtained varies from yellow, brown-purple to red.

TAGETE, TAGETES - Tagetes erecta

The genus is native to North and South America, from its flowers it is extracted the colour yellow. The dyeing substance belongs to the family of carotinoids.

GALLA DI QUERCIA, OAK GALL

The oak gall is an outgrowth on the plant's surface, caused by Hymenoptera insects, mistaken sometimes for a strange “fruit” of the tree. Since ancient times galls have been used for dying, for manufacturing permanent inks and for tanning, and in medicine too, for their astringent properties.
Smartmaterials s.r.l. SEDE LEGALE E OPERATIVA via dell’Economia, 24/2 35044 Montagnana (PD) Italia ph +39 0429 807434 fax +39 0429 800819 P.IVA 02471380200
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